Friday, November 30, 2007

Madeline Amy Sweeney, known as Amy Sweeney (196611 September 2001), was a flight attendant on board American Airlines flight 11 when it was flown into the North Tower of the World Trade Center as part of the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attack. She relayed information about the hijacking on board by phone to Michael Woodward, an American Airlines flight service manager on the ground. Flight 11 was the first plane to crash and her call was apparently the first news of the hijackings.
It is not known exactly where on board she was calling from. Information relayed included the seat numbers and descriptions of four of the hijackers, although the FBI later named five hijackers on board the flight. It is said that the information given enabled investigators to link the day's hijackings to Al-Qaeda.
Her report was delivered in a calm, deliberate manner to the very end. According to reports based on Woodward's notes [1][2], at 8:44 Sweeney said: "Something is wrong. We are in a rapid descent... we are all over the place."
(Woodward asks her to look out the window to see where they are.)
"I see water. I see buildings. We are flying low. We are flying very, very low. We are flying way too low. -pause- Oh my God, we are way too low." The flight impacted at 8:46:40.
She was 35 when she died. She had been a flight attendant for 12 years. She was survived by her husband and two children, ages 4 and 6. They lived in Acton, Massachusetts. She normally only worked weekends but had chosen to do an extra shift that day.
On 11 February 2002, she was commemorated in a series of new annual bravery awards initiated by the Massachusetts government. The annual Madeline Amy Sweeney Award for Civilian Bravery[3] will be awarded every September 11 to at least one Massachusetts resident who displayed extraordinary courage in defending or saving the lives of others.
The first recipients were Ms. Sweeney and fellow flight attendant Betty Ong, who had also relayed information about the hijacking to personnel on the ground. Pilot John Ogonowski also received a posthumous award for turning a radio switch on and thus allowing ground control to listen to remarks being made by the hijackers. All three had been Massachusetts citizens.
Relatives of all three accepted the awards on their behalf.

Madeline Amy Sweeney Amy in documentaries and Motion Pictures
Amy Sweeney was played by Irene Carl in the documentary The Last Hour of Flight 11 and by Jeniffer Ricci in the ABC miniseries The Path to 9/11 opposite Jean Yoon and Patricia Heaton.

Thursday, November 29, 2007

The Epistle to Philemon is a book of the Bible in the New Testament.
Philemon is now generally regarded as one of the undisputed works of Saint Paul, although it was questioned in the past by F.C. Baur. It is the shortest of Paul's extant letters, consisting of only 335 words in the original Greek text, and 25 verses in modern English translations.

1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Revelation Epistle to Philemon Significance

J.M.G. Barclay, Colossians and Philemon, Sheffield Academic Press 1997 (ISBN 1-85075-818-2)
N.T. Wright, Colossians and Philemon, Tyndale IVP 1986 (ISBN 0-8028-0309-1)

Wednesday, November 28, 2007

Notable credits

Bastard!!: Dark Schneider
Cowboy Bebop: Cowboy Andy Von de Oniyate, Morgan
Digimon: Digital Monsters: Mercurymon (Frontier)
Fushigi Yūgi: Tasuki
Gate Keepers: Fiancé
Hyper Doll: Detective Todo
Gundam 0083: Chap Adel
Mobile Suit Gundam: The 08th MS Team: Yuri Kellarney
Mon Colle Knights: Gabriolis the Dark Angel
Transformers: Robots in Disguise: Heavy Load Anime Roles

American Dad!: Jack Smith
Brandy and Mr. Whiskers: Anonymous voices.
Class of 3000: Salieri
Codename: Kids Next Door: Count Spankulot, Mr. White, Additional Voices
Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends: Imaginary Man in "Challenge of the Super friends"
Oh Yeah! Cartoons: Various voices (including Mr. Turner, Cosmo, Jorgen Von Strangle, Narrator in "Super Santa", Gingerbread Men, and Slap T. Pooch)
Star Wars: Clone Wars: Durge, Additional Voices
The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius: Various voices
The Fairly OddParents: Mr. Turner, Cosmo, Jorgen Von Strangle, Anti-Cosmo, Additional Voices
The Life and Times of Juniper Lee: Steven the Sandman, Additional Voices
The Replacements: Dick Daring, Additional Voices
The Spectacular Spider-Man: J. Jonah Jameson
W.I.T.C.H.: Tynar Non-Anime Roles

Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide: Gordy, the school janitor
Veronica Mars: Cliff McCormack: a public defender. Daran Norris Movie Roles

Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring: Aragorn
.hack: Piros
Codename: Kids Next Door Op. VIDEOGAME: Count Spankulot
Front Mission 4 -: Dieter Bosch(Uncredited)
Metal Arms: Glitch in the System: Colonel Alloy
Naruto: Ultimate Ninja: Gato
Nicktoons Unite!: Cosmo, Jorgen Von Strangle
Nicktoons: Battle for Volcano Island: Cosmo
Tales of Symphonia: Rodyle, Shadow
Tales of Legendia: Vaclav Bloud
Radiata Stories: Genius
Ratchet: Deadlocked: Dallas
Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic II: GO-TO / additional voices
God Hand: Belze, Old Samurai, Various Villains
.hack//G.U.: Piros the 3rd, Salvador Aihara
Spider-Man: Venom, Mysterio, Scorpion, The Punisher, Johnny Storm and Captain America.
Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro: Professor X
Star Ocean: Till the End of Time: Biwig
The Fairly OddParents: Breakin' Da Rules: Cosmo, Mr. Turner, Jorgen Von Strangle, Crimson Chin, Comic Book Anchorman
The Fairly OddParents: Shadow Showdown: Cosmo, Mr. Turner, Jorgen Von Strangle, Crimson Chin, Mr. Turner's Robot

Tuesday, November 27, 2007

Fourth Lateran Council
The Fourth Council of the Lateran was summoned by Pope Innocent III with his Bull of April 19, 1213. The assembly took place in November, 1215. It was the 12th ecumenical council and is sometimes called "the General Council of Lateran" due to the attendance by seventy-one patriarchs and metropolitans, four hundred and twelve bishops, and nine hundred abbots and priors.

Results of the Council

Ecumenical council

Monday, November 26, 2007

Punggol Punggol, or Ponggol, is a neighbourhood in northeastern Singapore. Presently, much of Punggol is undeveloped, although plans to turn the area into a residential new town (Punggol New Town) under the "Punggol 21" initiative have begun to take place in the south-eastern parts of the area bordering neighbouring Sengkang.

Urban development into the area has been accelerated with the introduction of better transportational options. The Tampines Expressway links up the area with the expressway network. In terms of public transport, the opening of the North-East Line, the Punggol LRT Line in January 2005, and a temporary bus interchange adjacent to the Punggol MRT Station was a great improvement over what was once a single bus route, SBS Transit's Service 82, to the area along Punggol Road.
Current buses available at the Punggol Bus Interchange are: 3, 34, 43, 83, 85, 62, and 136.

Commercial facilities
There are currently two primary schools and two secondary schools in Punggol New Town.

Primary schools

  • Edgefield Primary School 育德小学
    Greendale Primary School (commencing 2008)
    Mee Toh School 弥陀学校
    Secondary schools

    • Greendale Secondary School 绿苑中学
      Punggol Secondary School 培道中学

Sunday, November 25, 2007

Thomas Sydserf
Thomas Sydserf [Sydserff] (b. 1581; d. 1663) was a 17th century Scottish prelate. The eldest son of an Edinburgh merchant, Sydserf graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 1602 before travelling to continental Europe to study at the University of Heidelberg. After returning to Scotland, he entered the ministry, beginning at St Giles' parish, Edinburgh in 1611. 15 years later, in 1626, he was translated to Trinity College church, Edinburgh, before being admitted Dean of Edinburgh on February 19, 1634.
However, in the same year, and on the recommendation of William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, he ascended to episcopal rank, receiving consecration as Bishop of Brechin on July 29. In the following year, on August 30, 1635, he was translated as Bishop of Galloway. Sydserf was very much a royalist, pro-Episcopacy, and inclined to be highly sympathetic towards Arminianism. These views brought him much conflict in Scotland, and a Bishop of Galloway he exercised his episcopal powers against his ideological opponents. He supported the introduction in 1637 of an English-style Book of Common Prayer, and for this he was attacked on several occasions by mobs in Falkirk, Dalkeith and Edinburgh. He was finally deposed by the rebellious General Assembly of the Scottish church on December 13, 1638.
Sydserf thereafter went to England, briefly becoming a follower of King Charles I, before moving continental Europe. He returned to Scotland, and after the Restoration and reimposition of Episcopacy in Scotland, was reinstated as a Bishop, though on this occasion becoming Bishop of Orkney. He was the only pre-1638 bishop to be reinstated as a bishop in Scotland after the Restoration. Sydserf died in Edinburgh on September 29, 1663. He had been married since 1624, when he took as his wife Rachel Byers, daughter of an Edinburgh magistrate. He was responsible for remodelling the nave of Whithorn Priory in line with the new styles or worship he tried to promote.

Saturday, November 24, 2007

The economy of Iran is a transition economy where a continuing strong labour force growth unmatched by commensurate real economic growth is driving up unemployment to a level considerably higher than the official estimate of 11%. According to experts, annual economic growth above five per cent would be needed to keep pace with the 900,000 new labour force entrants each year.
Government spending as percent of total budget was 6% for health care, 16% for education and 8% for the military in the period 1992-2000 and contributed to an average annual inflation rate of 14 percent in the period 2000-2004, although some unofficial estimates place the figure above 20 percent today., information and communication technology (ICT).

Centralisation vs. Privatization
See also: Management and Planning Organisation of Iran, Government of Iran, and Constitution of Iran
The Fourth Five-Year Economic Development Plan (2005-10) sets the guidelines and points the direction in which the trade sector will be taking over the next five years. In it, the focus will be on expanding trade interaction with the global community and pursuing an active presence in international markets. To achieve this would require raising exports substantially. Another area of focus will be to develop free trade zones and turning them into gateways to international markets.

Five-Year Economic Development Plan (2005-10)
See also: Next Eleven and Demographics of Iran
In the early 21st century the service sector contributed the largest percentage of the GDP, followed by industry (mining and manufacturing) and agriculture. About 45 percent of the government's budget came from oil and natural gas revenues, and 31 percent came from taxes and fees. In 2006 the GDP was estimated at $195 billion ($610 billion at PPP), or $2,790 per capita ($8,900 at PPP). The informal economy is also important. Because of these figures and the country's diversified but small industrial base, the United Nations classifies Iran's economy as semideveloped.
The following is the trend chart of the Iranian GDP at market prices estimated by the IMF, with figures in millions of Iranian Rial. For purchasing power parity comparisons, the US Dollar is exchanged at 3,149.33 Iranian Rials only.

Macro-Economic Trend
See also: Labour and tax laws in Iran and Iranian citizens abroad
Agriculture contributes just over 11% to the gross national product and employs a third of the labor force. The industrial sector—including mining, manufacturing, and construction—contributed 42 percent of the GDP and employed 31 percent of the labor force in 2004. Mineral products, notably petroleum, dominate Iran's exports revenues (80%), but mining employs less than 1 percent of the country's labor force. In 2004 the service sector ranked as the largest contributor to the GDP (48 percent) and employed 44 percent of workers. In 2005, Iranian women accounted for 33 percent of the workforce (out of 25 million people). In 2006, the average annual salary in Iran was US$2,700. Migrant Iranian workers abroad remitted over two billion dollars home in 2006.

Sectors of the economy

Main article: Agriculture in Iran Agriculture
See also: National Iranian Petrochemical Company, IDRO, Iran Electronics Industries (IEI), Iran Aviation Industries Organization, Iranian Space Agency, and Environmental issues in Iran
Iran has a long tradition of producing artisan goods, including Persian carpets, ceramics, copperware and brassware, glass, leather goods, textiles, and woodwork. Iran's rich carpet-weaving tradition dates from pre-Islamic times, and it remains an important industry and contributes substantially to rural incomes. Textile mills, based on domestic cotton and wool, employed about 400,000 people in 2000 and are centred in Tehran, Esfahan and along the Caspian coast.
Large-scale manufacturing in factories began in the 1920s and developed gradually. During the Iran-Iraq War, Iraq bombed many of Iran's petrochemical plants, and the large oil refinery at Abadan was badly damaged and forced to halt production. Reconstruction of the refinery began in 1988 and production resumed in 1993. However, the war also stimulated the growth of many small factories producing import-substitution goods and materials needed by the military.
The country's major manufactured products are petrochemicals (w/a fertilizer plant in Shiraz), steel (w/mills in Esfahan and Khuzestan), and copper products. Other important manufactures include automobiles (with production crossing the 1 million mark in 2005),

See also: Automobile manufacturing companies in Iran
As of 2001, there were 13 public and privately owned automakers in Iran, of which two - Iran Khodro and Saipa - accounted for 94% of the total domestic production. Iran Khodro, which produced the most prevalent car brand in the country - the Paykan, which has been replaced in 2005 by the Samand -, is still the larger with 61% of the market in 2001, while Saipa contributed 33% of Iran's total production in the same year. The other car manufacturers, such as the Bahman Group, Kerman Motors, Kish Khodro, Raniran, Traktorsazi, Shahab Khodro, and others together produced only 6%. These automakers produce a wide range of automobiles including motorbikes, passenger cars, vans, mini trucks, medium sized trucks, heavy duty trucks, minibuses, large size buses and other heavy automobiles used in commercial and private activities in the country. Iran ranked the world's 16th biggest automaker in 2006 with a fleet of 7 million cars.

Automobile manufacturing

Main articles: Iranian defense industry and List of military equipment manufactured in Iran Defense industry

Main articles: Construction in Iran, Iranian architecture, and Milad Tower Construction

Main articles: Energy in Iran, Ministry of Petroleum of Iran, and 2007 Gas Rationing Plan in Iran Energy and petroleum

Main article: Mining in Iran Mining
See also: Education in Iran, Higher Education in Iran, Science in Iran, List of Iranian Research Centers, and Health care in Iran
Urbanization has contributed to significant growth in the service sector. Important service industries include public services (including education), commerce, personal services, professional services, and tourism. The tourist industry declined dramatically during the war with Iraq in the 1980s but has subsequently revived. About 1,659,000 foreign tourists visited Iran in 2004; most came from Asian countries, including the republics of Central Asia, while a small share came from the countries of the European Union and North America. The most popular tourist destinations are Esfahan, Mashhad, and Shiraz. In the early 2000s the industry still faced serious limitations in infrastructure, communications, regulatory norms, and personnel training.
Despite efforts in the 1990s toward economic liberalization, government spending—including expenditures by quasi-governmental foundations (Bonyad) that dominate the economy—has been high. Estimates of service sector spending in Iran are regularly more than two-fifths of the GDP, and much of that is government-related spending, including military expenditures, government salaries, and social service disbursements.

See also: Bonyad
Social protection is extended to the self-employed workers, who voluntarily contribute between 12% and 18% of their income according to the desired protection. Social protection covers the employees between the age of 18 and 65 years, and the financing is shared between the employee (7% of the wages), the employer (20 to 23% of the wage bill) and the State (which supplements the contribution of the employer to a total value of 3% of the wage bill). The social security makes it possible to ensure the employees against unemployment, the disease, old age (retirement pension), the occupational accidents. Iran did not legislate in favour of a universal social protection, but in 1996, the Center of the statistics of Iran estimates that more than 73% of the Iranian population is covered by a Social Security.
Civil servants, the regular military, law enforcement agencies, and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Iran's second major military organization, have their own pension systems. In 2003 the minimum standard pension was 50 percent of the worker's earnings but not less than the amount of the minimum wage. Iran spent 22.5 percent of its 2003 national budget on social welfare programs. More than 50 percent of that amount covered pensions.
Welfare programs for the needy are managed by more than 30 individual public agencies, and semi-state organizations called Bonyads, as well as by several private non-governmental organizations. In 2003, the government began to consolidate its welfare organizations in an effort to eliminate redundancy and inefficiency. Bonyads are a consortium of over 120 organizations which are tax-exempt, receive government subsidies and religious donations and answer directly to the Supreme Leader of Iran. They control over 20% of Iran's GDP and they are involved in everything from vast soybean and cotton fields to hotels to soft drinks to auto-manufacturing to shipping lines. Bonyads are overstaffed, corrupt, and generally not profitable

Social service
See also: Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iranian Rial, Shetab Banking System, and Tehran Stock Exchange
The government makes loans and credits available to industrial and agricultural projects, primarily through banks. Iran's unit of currency is the rial. The official exchange rate averaged 8,614 rials to the U.S. dollar in 2004. However, rials are exchanged on the unofficial market at a higher rate. In 1979 the government nationalized all private banks and announced the establishment of a banking system whereby, in accordance with Islamic law, interest on loans was replaced with handling fees; the system went into effect in the mid-1980s.
The banking system consists of the central bank also known as Bank Markazi Iran, which issues currency and oversees all state and private banks; several commercial banks that are headquartered in Tehran but have branches throughout the country; two development banks; and a housing bank that specializes in home mortgages. Accounts of the state-owned commercial banks are dominated by loans to state and Bonyad enterprises and to large-scale private firms. The government began to privatize the banking sector in 2001, when it issued licenses to two new privately owned banks.
The Tehran Stock Exchange trades the shares of more than 400 registered companies. The stock market capitalisation of listed companies in Iran was valued at US$42 Billion in 2007.

Economy of Iran Banking system

Main articles: Communications in Iran, Telecommunication Company of Iran, and Media of Iran Communications

Main article: Transport in Iran Transport
See also: Economic Cooperation Organization, Developing 8 Countries, Colombo Plan, and United Nations Security Council Resolution 1747
Petroleum constitutes the bulk of Iran's exports, valued at $46.9 billion in 2006
More recently, Iran's Nuclear Program has become the subject of contention with the West because of suspicions regarding Iran's military intentions. This has led the UN Security Council to impose sanctions against Iran, on select Iranian companies linked to this program, thus furthering its economic isolation on the international scene.

Foreign Trade and Economic Relations
See also: Foreign Direct Investment in Iran, Assalouyeh, Tehran International Fair, and Sanctions against Iran
In the 1990s and early 2000s, some indirect oilfield development agreements were made with foreign firms. Buyback contracts in the oil sector, for instance, were arranged in which the contractor funded all the investments, and then received remuneration from the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) in the form of an allocated production share, then transferred operation of the field to NIOC after a set number of years, at which time the contract was completed.
Foreign investment has been hindered by unfavorable or complex operating requirements in Iran and by international sanctions, although in the early 2000s the Iranian government liberalized investment regulations. In the early 2000s, foreign investors have concentrated their activity in a few sectors of the economy: the oil and gas industries, vehicle manufacture, copper mining, petrochemicals, foods, and pharmaceuticals. Iran absorbed 24.3 billion dollars of foreign investment from Iranian calendar year 1993 to 2007.

Foreign Direct Investment
See also: Group of 15 and Iran and copyright issues
Iran has had an observer status at the World Trade Organization (WTO) since 2005. The United States has consistently blocked Iran's bid to join the WTO since Tehran first asked for membership several years ago.
Yet if Iran does eventually gain membership status in the WTO, among other prerequisites, copyright laws will have to be obeyed in Iran. This would require a major overhaul of business and trade operations in Iran, a change which many experts believe would be a price too heavy for Iran's economy to pay at the present time. Still, Iran is hoping to attract billions of dollars worth of foreign investment while creating a more favorable investment climate, such as reduced restrictions and duties on imports and the creation of free trade zones like in Qeshm, Chabahar and Kish Island.

Iran and the World Trade Organization
Population: 70 million (2006 est.)
Labor force: 27 million (2007 est.)
note: shortage of skilled labor (2006 est.)
See also: Labour and tax laws in Iran
Investment (gross fixed): 31.3% of GDP (2004 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Agriculture - products: wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, fruits, pistachios, nuts, cotton, dairy products, wool, caviar.
Industrial production growth rate: 3.2% excluding oil (2006 est.)
Electricity: - Iran is the world's fourth largest country of bloggers.
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold: $58.46 billion (2006 est.)
Exchange rates: rials per US dollar - 9,246.94 (2006), 8,964 (2005), 8,885 (2004), 8,193.89 (2003)
note: Iran has been using a managed floating exchange rate regime since unifying multiple exchange rates in March 2002.

lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
production: 155.7 TWh (2004)
consumption: 145.1 TWh (2004)
exports: 1.837 TWh (2004)
imports: 2.17 kWh (2004)
fossil fuel: 93% (75% came from gas generation, 18% from oil in 2006)
hydro: 7% (2006)
other: 0% (2006)
nuclear: 0% (2006)
production: 3.979 million barrel/day (2005 est.)
consumption: 1.51 million barrel/day (2004 est.) (expected to increase by 10% by 2007 from previous 2006 numbers)
exports: 2.5 million barrel/day (2004 est.)
imports: NA
proved reserves: 132.5 billion barrel (2006 est.)
production: 83.9 billion m³ (2004 est.)
consumption: 85.54 billion m³ (2004 est.)
exports: 3.56 billion m³ (2004 est.)
imports: 5.2 billion m³ (2004 est.)
proved reserves: 26.62 trillion m³ (2005) Further reading

Labour and tax laws in Iran
List of Major Iranian Companies
List of Iranian Research Centers
Environmental issues in Iran
Iranian Calendar
Government of Iran - With links to ministries and affiliated agencies
Iran travel guide from Wikitravel
Mehdi Sahraian
Iran's Nuclear Program

Friday, November 23, 2007

The Kingston Trio
The Kingston Trio is an American folk and pop music group. They helped launch the folk revival of the late-1950s to early 1960s, and continued to thrive as an acoustic group despite the increasing dominance of rock and roll.

Formation and Early Success
Guard left the band in 1961 as part of a disagreement over its musical direction and with the way their publishing earnings were being handled. He formed the group Whiskey Hill Singers, and was replaced by John Stewart, who led the group through several more years of popularity until the arrival of The Beatles and British invasion rock bands pushed them from the charts. Guard died of lymphatic cancer in 1991.
The Trio disbanded after a final performance at the hungry i, June 17, 1967.
Shane, the lone member to resist the break-up of the Trio, started a new group, aptly named, "The New Kingston Trio," in 1969. Eventually, Shane was successful in reaching a contractual agreement with his former partners, Guard, Reynolds, and Werber, to secure and license once again, the original name, "The Kingston Trio" (unencumbered by the adjective "New"), in 1976.(Blake et al. 1986.) Shane still owns the property today, 2007.
For a number of years in the 1980s Reynolds, one of the original three members, rejoined Shane until he re-retired in 1998.
In 2004 Shane retired from the group due to health problems. He was replaced by Bill Zorn (The Limeliters), who had been with Shane in The New Kingston Trio.
In 2005 Bobby Haworth (a one-time member of The Brothers Four) left the group to be replaced by Rick Dougherty, who also had been a member of The Limeliters.
As of 2006, The Kingston Trio consists of George Grove, Bill Zorn and Rick Dougherty. Bob Shane has said that this is the closest resembling group, sounding a lot like the original Guard, Shane, and Reynolds trio.

"Scotch and Soda"
Capitol Records Releases: Albums
Capitol Records also released vinyl albums of The Best of the Kingston Trio, Vols I, II, and III between 1961 and 1966, a "duophonic" reissue of cuts from the first two albums named The Kingston Trio Encores in 1961, and a number of CD compilations and re-issues in the 1980s and 1990s.
Decca Records Releases: Albums
Tetragrammaton Records Release: Album
Longines Symphonette Release: Album
GZS Productions Tape/CD Release
Nautilus Records Release: Album
Xerxes Records Releases: Albums
Folk Era/Rediscover Records Releases: Albums/CDs
Vanguard Records Release: CD
Silverwolf Records Release: Original CD
Collector's Choice Music Releases: Original CDs
Shout Factory Release: CD
Kingston Trio Productions Release: CD
There are in addition literally scores of vinyl, tape, and CD compilations and reissues by a multitude of companies in the U.S., Germany, Japan, and elsewhere.
Video Releases
Top 40 Hits In Chronological Order:
Other well-known songs frequently performed by The Kingston Trio:

The Kingston Trio 1958
...from the Hungry i 1959
Stereo Concert 1959
The Kingston Trio At Large 1959
Here we Go Again 1959
Sold Out 1960
String Along 1960
The Last Month of the Year 1960
Make Way 1961
Goin' Places 1961
Close Up 1961
College Concert 1962
Something Special 1962
New Frontier 1962
#16 1963
Sunny Side 1963
Time to Think 1963
Back in Town 1964
Nick Bob John 1964
Stay Awhile 1965
Somethin' Else 1965
Children of the Morning 1966
Once Upon a Time (double album) 1969
The World Needs A Melody 1973
Live At The Crazy Horse 1976
Aspen Gold 1979
25 Years Non-Stop 1982
Looking For The Sunshine 1983
Rediscover The Kingston Trio 1985
Hidden Treasures 1987
Everybody's Talking 1989
An Evening With The Kingston Trio 1992
The New Kingston Trio: The Lost Masters 1969-1972 1997
Snapshot 2006
The Kingston Trio Live At Newport 1994
Live At The Crazy Horse 1995
The Lost 1967 Album 2007
The Final Concert 2007
The Essential Kingston Trio 2006
Still Goin' Places 2005
The First Fifty Years 2007
The Kingston Trio and Friends Reunion (WhiteStar Video, 1982)
An Evening With The Kingston Trio (Rhino Video, 1989)
The Kingston Trio 45th Anniversary Tribute Concert (EDI, 2002)
Wherever We May Go (Shout Factory, 2006)
The Kingston Trio: Fifty Years Of Having Fun (EDI, 2006)
Live At The Yuma (Kingston Trio Productions, 2007)
Young Men In A Hurry [TV Series Pilot] (Paramount, 2007)
"Tom Dooley", #1 in 1958
"The Tijuana Jail", #12 in 1959
"M.T.A.", #15 in 1959
"A Worried Man", #20 in 1959
"El Matador", #32 in 1960
"Bad Man Blunder", #37 in 1960
"Where Have All the Flowers Gone?", #21 in 1962
"Greenback Dollar", #21 in 1963
"Reverend Mr. Black", #8 in 1963
"Desert Pete", #33 in 1963
"Scarlet Ribbons"
"This Land Is Your Land"
"Lemon Tree"
"Scotch and Soda"
"The Long Black Veil"
"The World Needs a Melody"
"Raspberries, Strawberries"
"500 Miles"
"Ballad of the Shape of Things"
"Reuben James"
"Zombie Jamboree"
"With Her Head Tucked Underneath Her Arm"
"The Merry Little Minuet" Awards and recognition

In The Simpsons episode, "The Dad Who Knew Too Little," The Kingston Trio are listed number one on Mr. Burns' Nixon-esque enemies list.
In the 1970s, The New London Trio (patterned after the music and format of The Kingston Trio) performed with guitar, upright bass, and banjo as a splinter group of The Idlers.

Thursday, November 22, 2007

For the Australian psychotherapist, see Peter O'Connor (psychologist)
Peter O'Connor (October 24, 1872 - November 9, 1957) was an Irish athlete who set a long-standing world record for the long jump and won two Olympic medals in the 1906 Games.

Peter O'ConnorPeter O'Connor Early career
As of June, 1900, the world record for the long jump was held by Myer Prinstein of Syracuse University, at 24' 7¼". In 1900 and 1901, competing with the Irish Amateur Athletic Association (IAAA), a rival association to the GAA, O'Connor set several unofficial world records in the long jump. He set an officially recognised world record of 24' 9" at the Royal Dublin Society's grounds in Dublin on 27 May 1901. On 5th August 1901 he jumped 24ft 11¾ins (7.61m) in Dublin. This was the first IAAF recognised long jump world record. It caused a sensation at the time, being only a fraction short of the 25' barrier, and remained unbeaten for 20 years, a longevity surpassed only by Jesse Owens's 25-year record and Bob Beamon's 23-year record. It remained an Irish record for a remarkable 89 years.

Wednesday, November 21, 2007

Tinderbox (software)
A tinderbox is software development tool that allows developers to manage software builds and to correlate build failures on various platforms and configurations with particular code changes.
An automated build tool is another way to describe Tinderbox. Projects utilising tinderbox technology include Mozilla and FreeBSD. Mozilla's tinderbox is written in Perl. While there are no official releases (as of March 2005), there is an alpha-quality tarball of Tinderbox3 available at Mozilla developer John Keiser's Tinderbox 3 page.
Essentially, Tinderbox is a detective tool. It allows the developer to see what is happening in the source tree. It shows who checked in what (by asking Bonsai); what platforms have built successfully; what platforms are broken and exactly how they are broken (the build logs); and the state of the files that made up the build (cvsblame).
Tinderbox is comprised of a server with clients running builds and reporting status via mail. The server receives mail from tinderbox clients in the form of
The server then constructs a table with time on the vertical axis and the various builds on the horizontal axis.

Tuesday, November 20, 2007

Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet, FRS (17 December 177829 May 1829) was a British chemist and physicist. He was born in Penzance, Cornwall, United Kingdom and both his brother John Davy and cousin Edmund Davy were also noted chemists. Berzelius called Davy's 1806 Bakerian Lecture "On some Chemical Agencies of Electricity" "one of the best memoirs which has ever enriched the theory of chemistry."

In 1812 he was knighted, gave a farewell lecture to the Royal Institution, and married a wealthy widow, Jane Apreece. While generally acknowledged as being faithful to his wife, their relationship was stormy and in his later years Davy travelled to continental Europe alone. In October 1813 he and his wife, accompanied by Michael Faraday as his scientific assistant (and valet) traveled to France to collect a medal that Napoleon Bonaparte had awarded Davy for his electro-chemical work. Whilst in Paris Davy was asked by Gay-Lussac to investigate a mysterious substance isolated by Bernard Courtois. Davy showed it to be an element, which is now called iodine. The party left Paris on December 29, travelling south through Montpellier and Nice and then to Italy.
After passing through Genoa, they went to Florence, where, in a series of experiments starting on Sunday March 27, Davy, with Faraday's assistance, succeed in using the sun's rays to ignite diamond, and proved that it was composed of pure carbon. Davy's party continued on to Rome, and also visited Naples and Mount Vesuvius. By the June 17, they were in Milan, where they met Alessandro Volta, and continued north to Geneva. They returned to Italy via Munich and Innsbruck, passed though Venice and returned to Rome. Their plans to travel to Greece and Constantinople (Istanbul) were abandoned after Napoleon's escape from Elba, and they returned to England.

Retirement and further work
After his return to England in 1815, Davy went on to produce the Davy lamp which was widely used by miners. Although the idea of the safety lamp had already been demonstrated by William Reid Clanny and an engineer, George Stephenson, his use of wire gauze to prevent the spread of flame was quickly copied by both of these inventors in their later designs.

Discovery of chlorine
In 1815 Davy suggested that acids were substances that contained replaceable hydrogen – hydrogen that could be partly or totally replaced by metals. When acids reacted with metals they formed salts. Bases were substances that reacted with acids to form salts and water. These definitions worked well for most of the century. Today we use the Brønsted-Lowry theory of acids and bases.
In 1818, he was awarded a baronetcy and two years later he became President of the Royal Society.

Humphry Davy Acid-base studies
Davy died in Switzerland in 1829, his various inhalations of chemicals finally taking its toll on his health. He is buried in the Plain Palais Cemetery in Geneva.
Davy's laboratory assistant, Michael Faraday, went on to enhance Davy's work and in the end became more famous and influential – to such an extent that Davy is supposed to have claimed Faraday as his greatest discovery. However, he later accused Faraday of plagiarism, causing Faraday (the first Fullerian Professor of Chemistry) to cease all research in electromagnetism until his mentor's death.


A lunar crater is named after Sir Humphry Davy. It has a diameter of 34 km and coordinates of 11.8S, 8.1W.
In Penzance in Cornwall, Davy's hometown, there is a statue of him in front of the imposing Market House, now owned by Lloyds TSB, at the top of Market Jew Street, the town's main high street. There also is a secondary school in Penzance named Humphry Davy School. Like James Prescott Joule and Isaac Newton, Davy is remembered in his hometown by a pub. The Sir Humphry Davy pub is located in Penzance opposite the Geenmarket at the end of Market Jew Street.
Davy was the subject of the first ever clerihew.
A satellite of the University of Sheffield at Golden Smithies Lane in Wath upon Dearne (Manvers) is called Humphry Davy House and is currently home to the School of Nursing and Midwifery, until April 2009. Writings by Davy

Monday, November 19, 2007

Reed Edward Diamond (born July 20, 1967) is an American actor. He currently appears in the new NBC series Journeyman as Jack Vasser, the main character's brother.

Reed Diamond Personal life
Diamond's early roles included guest starring on Law & Order and Class of '96, and movies such as Memphis Belle (1990) and Clear and Present Danger (1994). His first big break came in 1995 when he joined the cast of Homicide: Life on the Street as Det. Mike Kellerman. That same year, Diamond married Frederika Kesten. They divorced in 1997, after which time Diamond began dating his Homicide co-star Michelle Forbes.
Diamond's character was written out of the series at the end of season six, although he would reprise his role as Kellerman for a two-episode story in the show's subsequent seventh, and final, season. In 2000, a feature length TV movie was produced to wrap up the series, which saw the return of all the major Homicide cast, including Diamond. Recent roles include a re-make of High Noon (2000), Three Days (2001), - which he starred in alongside then-girlfriend Kristin Davis - S.W.A.T. (2003), Spider-Man 2 (2004) and Good Night, and Good Luck. (2005).
As well as playing the recurring role of Stuart Collins on Judging Amy from 1999 to 2003, Diamond has guest starred on Crossing Jordan, The West Wing, Medium, Numb3rs, Stargate SG-1 and Without a Trace. He was also promoted as one of the main cast members of The Shield, appearing as Detective Terry Crowley, so as to surprise viewers when he was murdered at the end of the first episode in 2002. He is currently staring in the new ongoing series Journeyman.

Sunday, November 18, 2007

The Eclipse Foundation leads the development of Eclipse, the open-source Java application platform and IDE.

Eclipse Foundation Strategic Developers
Strategic consumers are major users of Eclipse technology.


Saturday, November 17, 2007

Conjunction can refer to:
Astronomical conjunction, an astronomical phenomenon
Astrological aspect, an aspect in horoscopic astrology
Grammatical conjunction, a part of speech
Logical conjunction, a mathematical operator
Conjunctions, an American literary journal
Fellowship manoeuvres, a team-based move in Lord of the Rings Online: Shadows of Angmar

Friday, November 16, 2007

Adobe PageMaker
PageMaker was the first desktop publishing program, introduced in 1985 by Aldus Corporation

Thursday, November 15, 2007

Potawatomi History
There are several active bands of Potawatomi:

Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma
Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin
Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Pottawatomi (formerly known as the Gun Lake tribe), based in Dorr, Michigan in Allegan County, Michigan
Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan
Moose Deer Point First Nation, Ontario, Canada
Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi, based in Calhoun County, Michigan
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana
Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation, Kansas
Stoney Point and Kettle Point bands, Ontario, Canada
Walpole Island band; an unceded island between the United States and Canada Bands

Main article: Anishinaabe clan system Location

Main article: Potawatomi language

Wednesday, November 14, 2007

Third Cinema (Spanish: Tercer Cine) is a Latin American film movement of the 1960s-70s which decries neocolonialism, the capitalist system, and the Hollywood model of cinema as mere entertainment to make money. The term was coined in the manifesto Towards a Third Cinema, written in the late 1960s by Argentine filmmakers Fernando Solanas and Octavio Getino, members of the Grupo Cine Liberación. Published in 1969 in the cinema journal Tricontinental by the OSPAAAL (Organization of Solidarity with the People of Asia, Africa and Latin America

Third Cinema Further reading

Political cinema
Tomás Gutiérrez Alea, Cuban film-maker
Kidlat Tahimik, Philippine film-maker
Djibril Diop Mambéty, Senegalese film-director
The Dictator Novel, a Latin American contemporary literary genre

Tuesday, November 13, 2007

Main article: Television in Sweden
Television trials from the Royal Institute of Technology started in 1954. Broadcasts officially started in 1956. The broadcasts were made by the public broadcaster Sveriges Radio. When a second channel, TV2, started in 1969 it was broadcast by the same company, but the two channels were supposed to compete against each other. Since SR was split into four different companies in the late 70s, the television broadcasting has been the responsibility of Sveriges Television (SVT)
SVT and its two channels dominated television for a long time. In 1987 the first commercial channel, TV3 was started, broadcasting from London via satellite. In the early 1990s, TV4 became the first commercial channel to be allowed to join the national terrestrial broadcasting network, run by Teracom. Sveriges Television is funded by a fee -- fixed by Parliament and collected by the Kiruna-based Receiving Licence Agency, Radiotjänst i Kiruna AB -- and is regulated, together with TV4, by the Swedish Broadcasting Commission.
Sweden was an early adopter of digital terrestrial television, officially launching it in April 1999. The analogue shutdown of the SVT and TV4 signals started in September 2005 and will be completed in late 2007.
Four companies and five channels dominate the Swedish television viewing:
The prospect of the digital shutdown has caused SVT and TV4 to start several new channels. SVT have SVT24, Barnkanalen and Kunskapskanalen. TV4 have started lots of channels, including TV4 Plus, TV4 Film, TV400 and TV4 Fakta. Channels owned by Viasat include TV6 and TV8. Other channels such as Eurosport, Discovery Channel, MTV Sweden and Disney Channel Scandinavia also have a relatively strong position in Sweden.
Two dominating networks of premium content exists: TV1000 and Viasat Sport, owned by Viasat, and C More Entertainment owned by SBS (using the Canal+ brand).
The main pay television distributors are: Com Hem (cable), Boxer (terrestrial), Viasat (satellite) and Canal Digital (satellite). There are also several smaller cable networks, most notably Tele2Vision and Canal Digital. As of 2006, it is estimated that 50 percent of the households receive their television signals from a cable network, 30 percent from a regular aerial and 20 percent using a satellite dish.

SVT with SVT1 and SVT2
TV4 AB with TV4 (owned by Bonnier and Proventus
Viasat with TV3 (owned by Modern Times Group)
SBS Broadcasting Group with Kanal 5 Media in Sweden Radio
Media in Sweden is often criticized of being biased towards the political left. The Department of Journalism and Mass Communication (JMG) at Gothenburg University has conducted yearly surveys regarding their political party sympathies among the members of the Swedish Union of Journalists (Swedish: Journalistförbundet), the largest trade union organizing journalists in Sweden. The latest survey, conducted in late 1999, has shown a significant higher percentage of support for the centre-left political parties (mainly the Left Party and the Green Party) compared to these parties' support amongst the general Swedish population

Media in Sweden Lists

Communications in Sweden
Culture of Sweden