Thursday, February 7, 2008
For the broad category of anarchism sometimes referred to as "collectivist anarchism," see social anarchism.
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Collectivist anarchism (also known as anarcho-collectivism) is a doctrine spearheaded by Mikhail Bakunin that advocated the abolition of the state and private ownership of the means of production, with the means of production instead being owned collectively and controlled and managed by the producers themselves. Workers would be paid in democratic organizations based of the amount of time they contributed to production. These salaries would be used to purchase commodities in a communal market. Collectivist anarchism is most commonly associated with Mikhail Bakunin, the anti-authoritarian sections of the First International, and the early Spanish anarchist movement. The Anarchist FAQ sums up collectivist anarchism this way:
But many modern-day collectivist anarchists hold their form of anarchism as a permanent society rather than a carryover to anarcho-communism. Some collecitivist anarchists such as Participatory Economics adherents believe in remuneration and a form of credit but do not believe in money or markets.
Other prominent proponents of collectivist anarchism included the German anarchist Johann Most before he became an anarchist communist. Today many anarcho-syndicalists prefer collectivist anarchism as the syndicalist anarchist economic system of choice.
The collectivist anarchists at first used the term "collectivism" to distinguish themselves from the mutualism of the followers of Proudhon and the State socialists associated with Karl Marx. In the name of liberty, Bakunin wrote, "we shall always protest against anything that may in any way resemble communism or state socialism," which Bakunin regarded as fundamentally authoritarian ("Federalism, Socialism, and Anti-Theologism," 1867).
In real life application the collectivist projects were quite successful, sources during the Spanish Revolution noted that in the Catalon region,
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