Thursday, February 21, 2008

General Agribusiness · Agriculture Agricultural science · Agronomy Animal husbandry Extensive farming Factory farming · Free range Green Revolution History of agriculture Industrial agriculture Intensive farming · Organic farming Permaculture Sustainable agriculture Urban agriculture Particular Aquaculture · Christmas trees · Dairy farming Grazing · Hydroponics · IMTA Intensive pig farming · Lumber Maize · Orchard Poultry farming · Ranching · Rice Sheep husbandry · Soybean System of Rice Intensification Wheat Issues Animal rights · Animal welfare Antibiotics Battery cage · Biosecurity · BSE Crop rotation Ethical consumerism Environmental science Foie gras Foodborne illness Foot-and-mouth disease Genetically modified food Gestation crate Growth hormone Pesticide Veal crates Water conservation Weed control Large corporations Bernard Matthews Cargill ContiGroup Companies McCain Foods Limited Maple Leaf Foods Monsanto Philip Morris Smithfield Foods Tyson Foods Wayne Farms Categories Agriculture by country Agriculture companiesIndustrial agriculture (crops) Agriculture companies, U.S. Biotechnology Farming history Livestock Meat processing Poultry farming
Main article: Industrial agriculture History

Main article: Sustainable agriculture Sustainable agriculture


large scale — hundreds or thousands of acres of a single crop (much more than can be absorbed into the local or regional market);
monoculture — large areas of a single crop, often raised from year to year on the same land, or with little crop rotation;
agrichemicals — reliance on imported, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides to provide nutrients and to mitigate pests and diseases, these applied on a regular schedule; the use of fertilizer recycled from toxic waste and other hazardous industrial byproducts is common in the US.
hybrid seed — use of specialized hybrids designed to favor large scale distribution (e.g. ability to ripen off the vine, to withstand shipping and handling);
genetically engineered crops — use of genetically modified varieties (GMOs) designed for large scale production (e.g. ability to withstand selected herbicides);
large scale irrigation — heavy water use, and in some cases, growing of crops in otherwise unsuitable regions by extreme use of water (e.g. rice paddies on arid land).
high mechanization — automated machinery sustain and harvest crops. Features

Main article: Challenges and issues of industrial agriculture Criticism

Main article: Green Revolution Examples

Main article: Wheat Wheat (Modern management techniques)

Main article: Maize Soybean (Genetic modification)

Main article: Hydroponics